Dangerous goods: Goods that have special characteristics such as burning, explosion, corrosion, poisoning, radioactive radiation or environmental pollution, which may cause personal injury, property damage and environmental pollution during transportation, loading and unloading, and storage.
International conventions, rules and guidelines covering and dealing with international dangerous goods transport:
a. International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)
b. The 1973 International Convention for the Prevention and Control of Pollution from Ships, as amended in 1978 (MARPOL 73/78 Convention)
c. Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (Orange Book)
d. Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (Purple Book)
e. International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG CODE)
Judging basis for international shipping of dangerous goods
The following information is required for the transportation of dangerous goods:
List of goods, Chinese and English names, UN number, product category, packaging category, special regulations, packaging requirements, stowage and isolation, sub-hazard, EMS, use, disposal methods, MSDS, etc.
UN number UN NO.: is a sequential number assigned by the four Arabic numerals prepared by the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods to identify a substance or a specific substance. (Except for the beginning of 0 for explosives, the others are irregular)
The UNNO. of fireworks is divided according to the "Proposal on the Transport of Dangerous Goods - Manual of Tests and Standards"
1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, UN NO. 0333, 0334,0335,0336
Fireworks with more than one type of hazard shall be packaged in accordance with their highest risk.
MSDS: Material Safety Data Sheet Chemical Safety Data Sheet or Safety Data Sheet
The correct shipping name PSN: refers to the “correct technical name” referred to in MARPOL 73/78 and the SOLAS Convention, which is different from the trade name or common name.
The basic principle of stowage: items that react with each other cannot be stowed together; food and toxic substances cannot be stowed together; do not place heavy items on light items; avoid local stress.
Fireworks Maritime Events:
In February 2003, HANJIN Sri Lanka exploded and the ship burned for 8 days. Since then, the fireworks have been suspended for many years.
In March 2006, HYUNDAI exploded in the Gulf of Aden, Yemen, 5000T cabinets and boats burned, and the fireworks stopped
May 2006, Changsha Xia Ning Port Explosion
In February 2008, the Foshan Sanshui Fireworks Warehouse exploded in Guangdong, and 20 warehouses were destroyed.
In March 2008, Guangzhou Huangpu fireworks smuggled into the cabinet when the JI paper exploded, causing 37 deaths and injuries. Since then, the Guangdong fireworks port has closed.
In September 2010, Taicang opened fireworks, TCC undertakes Taicang to the US route, and TCC went bankrupt after one year of poor management.
In March 2012, Yueyang opened a direct flight to Hong Kong.
In August 2015, Tianjin Port chemical explosion, since then, the country has inspected dangerous goods and transportation.
Status of fireworks shipping:
At present, only two ports in Shanghai and Beihai allow fireworks to be exported. The cost of Beihai is about USD1500-2000 higher than that of Shanghai, but the time in Beihai is 7-10 days faster than Shanghai.
Shipowners who can pick up fireworks: MAERSK, MOL, ZIM, HANJIN, CSCL, COSCO, YML, K-LINE, APL, MATSON.
Routes: US-Canada, Central and South America, Europe, South Africa, Southeast Asia, Australia and New Zealand, Taiwan, Middle East.
The main freight forwarding and corresponding shipowners:
Shanghai: Huayang Hanjin, CSCL, Matson, Apl, Msk; Yongsheng Cosco; Zhonghe YML.
Beihai: T-Z CARG Tianyou Freight MOL, Zim, Maersk, CSCL, Hanjin; British Union K-line, Sinotrans Sinotrans.
Fireworks shipping process:
a. Inquiry: box type, cabinet volume, shipping time, schedule, destination port, freight rate change, other requirements, etc.;
b. Booking: booking information, period of use, import permit, emergency contact, other requirements, etc.;
c. Packing: production supervision, maritime/notary requirements, weight balance, no stepping on, reasonable matching cabinets, container specifications, etc.;
d. Customs declaration: accurate data and complete information;
e. Feeding: Bill of lading, AMS, ENS, one-time in place, do not change!
F. Bill of Lading/Shipping: Avoid changing the order/changing port, in case of accidents such as wet goods and major accidents, it is necessary to buy cargo insurance!
Gun barrels, signal flares, ignition heads, pyrotechnic products, protocol flowers, fireworks machinery, fireworks and other raw materials are all different.