"The production, transportation, storage, sales, and set off of fireworks and firecrackers require 910,000 employees, but the existing personnel are not only seriously under-represented, but have a gap exceeding 500,000.
Most of them are seriously lacking in cultural quality, safety awareness, innovation ability and professional quality. Compared with the requirements for the transformation and upgrading of fireworks and firecrackers industry, there is a huge shortage of professionals!
Guo Chao, executive director of the China Fireworks and Firecrackers Association and dean of the Hunan Institute of Safety and Technology, recently mentioned to the National Safety Vocational Education Teaching Steering Committee, "Opinions on Promoting the Training of Skilled Personnel in the Field of Fireworks and Firecrackers," and mentioned that at present, fireworks and firecrackers The status quo of the employment of industrial workers is "Shimoda does farm work and enters the factory to make fireworks and firecrackers." There is an urgent need for the training of talents of fireworks and firecrackers.
[Current situation] The industry urgently needs to form a talent training mechanism
According to an analysis report on the development of fireworks and firecrackers and talents demanded by the Chinese Fireworks and Firecrackers Association, China is the world’s largest producer, consumer, and exporter of fireworks. By the end of 2017, there were 2,220 fireworks and firecrackers in the country. The output value is 67 billion yuan, of which export value is close to 10 billion yuan. At the same time, according to the investigation of the Liuyang Firecracker Fireworks Bureau in Hunan, the top three factors constraining the development of enterprises are rising costs, financial pressure, management, and talent pressure.
Guo Chao introduced that Hunan, as the country's largest fireworks and firecracker production area, has less than 18% of the fireworks and firecrackers in the province, and only 2% of the full-time safety management personnel have college education or above. . The average number of professional technicians in middle and high ranks of research and development companies that develop new products in Liuyang fireworks and firecrackers enterprises is less than one, and there is no first-class technology team and advanced technical force as support. In Guo Chao’s view, the transformation and upgrading of the fireworks and firecracker industry requires the professionals in modern production processes, mechanized and intelligent production, safety and environmental protection, and the historical and cultural heritage of fireworks and firecrackers. “In particular, universities and research institutes are required to set up fireworks and firecrackers' craft and manufacturing, and fireworks and art design, and to add new researches on the artistic creation of fireworks and firecrackers, and the development of fireworks and firecrackers culture industry, so as to form a mechanism for the training of talents.”
【Objective】 Deepen integration of production and education and cultivate high-quality application talents
Wang Youwei is a 1102 student in the fireworks department of the Hunan Security Vocational College. He said that he was particularly fond of fireworks since he was a child, and he came to Changsha from Jilin Province. After graduating from college, he went to the United States to serve as a lighter at a globally leading fireworks company.
In fact, Wang Youwei is just a microcosm of the high-quality fireworks and firecracker professionals trained by the college. In 2006, the Hunan Security Vocational and Technical College took the lead in setting up fireworks and firecrackers in China. It ended the traditional “division-submission” training model for professionals in fireworks and firecrackers in China, filling the gap in the higher vocational education of fireworks and firecracker professionals. In the past 10 years, a total of more than 700 students have graduated from fireworks and firecrackers in the 7th session. The employment rate for one-time consecutive four-year graduates was nearly 100%.
At present, the Hunan Security Vocational College is exploring the cultivation of high-quality application talents by deepening the integration of production and education. For example, build a professional in the industry chain. Due to the particularity of the whole process risk of fireworks and firecrackers industry, a single “fireworks and firecracker technology and management” specialty should be extended to the whole industry chain in the upstream and downstream of the production chain to form a professional group. At the same time, the school should be located in the main producing area, facing Industrial workers conduct academic education and safety training in modern apprenticeships or corporate new apprenticeship models. In addition, scientific research and technical services will also be carried out in conjunction with the transformation and upgrading of fireworks and firecrackers, as well as technical services, so that the school will truly become a talent and technology base for the development of enterprises and industries.
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